Keto (Ketogenic Diet, Keto Diet)
The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates. Normally, the carbohydrates contained in food are converted into glucose, which is then transported around the body and is particularly important in fueling brain-function. However, if there is little carbohydrate in the diet, the liver converts fat into fatty acids and ketone bodies. The ketone bodies pass into the brain and replace glucose as an energy source. An elevated level of ketone bodies in the blood, a state known as ketosis
BHB is an organic compound synthesized in the liver from acetoacetate, the first ketone produced in the fasting state and while following the ketogenic diet. It can be measured using a blood ketone meter.
Medium Chain Triglycerides (MCT)
Medium-chain triglycerides (MCT) are saturated fats our body can digest very easily. MCTs, which are mostly found in coconut oil, behave differently when ingested and are passed directly to the liver to be used as an immediate form of energy. They are also present in butter and palm oil in smaller quantities.
LCHF is a diet that is low in carbs and high in fat (Low-Carb High-Fat).
Blood Glucose reading taken from a meter that measures how much sugar is in the blood. Diabetics test their blood to make sure they don’t go to high or too low.
Bulletproof Coffee – Bulletproof coffee is a drink consisting of brewed coffee, grass-fed unsalted butter and medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) coconut oil. Bulletproof coffee is mostly popular with people following a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet.
Body Mass Index The ratio between height and weight. It is an established index, where as the higher the number, the more fat you are. Which is wrong and this should never be used, it’s too generalised a “one size fits all”.
Calories In Calories Out
A keto diet treat or food that is usually sweetened (with lo-carb sweeteners) has a high fat content and low in carbs. Popular ingredients are: coconut oil, butter, cream cheese & cocoa powder.
Intermittent Fasting. You eat no food for a minimum of 16 hrs and up to a day or two.
If It Fits Your Macros
When your body is in the ketosis state for 2-4 weeks, (uninterrupted and consistently through a low carb diet of fasting) your body will move into metabolic state where it builds enzymes and hormones that are adapted to burn fat more efficiently. This is the goal of the Keto diet.
On the induction phase of the Keto diet, your body may give you “flu like” symptoms. If you cut the carbs drastically (as you should) your body has to adjust hormonally to burning fat. A lot of the flu comes from an electrolyte deficiency you will get, because your liver will start dumping electrolytes after it switches over to producing ketones/fatty acids.
A metabolic state that your body is in, when the liver turns fat into fatty acids called ketones. The ketones then are used by the body as fuel.
Macronutrients, your diet ratio between: Carbs, Fat & Protein. These three food components are the “fuel” for your body. They are expressed in terms of percentages of each in relation to your diet in calories. The most popular ratio for Keto is: 75% Fat, 5% Carbs & 20% protein.
S.A.D. or SAD
Standard American Diet (Low sodium, Low Fat, High Carb diet) This diet has been blamed for the current epidemic of overweight, metabloic syndrome, morbidly obese, insuline resistant population that is stressing out the medical system. This diet was institututed and promulgated in the 70’s by the U.S. government and exported to most of the rest of the world (with a similar effect on foreign populations.)